What is PMP® Certification - Project Management Professional?
Many people joining the Project Management area, whether working in a Project Office or even in graduate classes. Many people hear about this certification and you are probably one of them. The PMP® certification is one of the most recognized certifications in the world, being valid in more than 150 countries.
Who validate this PMP® Certification?
The answer is the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) along with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) which includes strict requirements for the preparation and maintenance of the certification examination.
But what does this PMP® Certification prove?
It certifies that you have the training, practical experience and ability to manage projects, according to the good practices established by the PMI (Project Management Institute) and consolidated in the PMBOK (Project Management Book of Knowledge). Do not worry if you've never heard of these two names, because I'll clarify everything below for you. OK?
So let's go to the first name: Who is PMI®?
Project Management Institute (PMI®), known as one of the largest associations in the world for professionals who work directly with project management.
PMI®'s mission is to assist and support its over 700,000 members, certified professionals and volunteers to succeed in their projects through the improvement of their managerial skills.
And how does the PMI® get organized to help this whole group of people?
The PMI® is managed by a Board of 15 directors. Five directors are elected every year to serve a 3-year term.
But how do they get to people like you?
The answer to this question lies in the creation of Local Chapters, which focus on fostering good project management practices locally. Today there are more than 200 Local Chapters around the world.
What about the PMBOK® Guide? Or would it be "PMBOOK"? What is it?
Many people think that the correct term is "PMBOOK". I always find it comical, but I do not think it's absurd, because if it's a book, it makes sense to be called a "BOOK". So let's learn now to not forget anymore. It is pronounced as follows: "PMBOK".
The PMBOK® Guide identifies a set of concepts, tools, and techniques that are considered as good practices in project management. It doesn't matter if you are working on a Technical and Economic Feasibility Study (TEFS) project or a Residential Construction project. These practices can be applied in both cases, taking into account the size of the project, so not everything in the Guide needs to be used.
Do you think it's cool? Who can apply? Can you be one of them? The answer is below.
Who should apply for PMP® Certification?
When I am asked about this certification, I always say that we should think of two main pillars as a decision criterion: Knowledge and Experience. Therefore, candidates must have experience in project team leadership and a good knowledge of PMBOK® tools, techniques, and good project management practices.
Do you want to know more? So what are the prerequisites?
These are basically two different categories and you certainly fit into one of them. There is no difference in certification, it only changes the demand with the requirements.
- Undergraduate degree with a minimum duration of 4 (four) years;
- Minimum of three (3) years of experience with project management;
- Minimum of 4,500 hours in leading and conducting projects;
- 35 hours of project management training.
- High School Diploma;
- Minimum of five (5) years of experience with project management;
- Minimum of 7,500 hours of leadership and conduction of projects;
- 35 hours of project management training.
Then you ask yourself: What do I get by being PMP® certified?
- Increased employability, as many companies know the validity of this certificate;
- Recognition in the company that you work;
- International qualification, which in my opinion is the great differential.
Are you Interested? Do you want to take the PMP® certification exam?
So let's go! There are two steps: Qualification and the Examination itself. I will explain better so you do not have doubts.
Step 1 - Qualification: You will send the documents requested by PMI® and these will be checked to determine if you are eligible to take the exam. If everything is ok, PMI® will provide you with an identification voucher.
Step 2 - The Exam: Now find a PMI® certification center nearest you. You can click on the Link to PMI Registration and make your registration. The voucher provided in the previous step will help you to identify yourself to take the exam.
How about the PMP® Certification exam, what is it like? Is it difficult?
- There are 200 multiple choice questions with 4 answer options;
- The 200 questions are divided into 175 questions valid for the exam and 25 validation questions;
- You will have 4 hours to complete the exam.
- You should hit 106 of 175 questions.
Do the questions carry the same weight? How does it work?
All questions have the same weight and are divided as follows:
11% - Initiation
23% - Planning
27% - Execution
21% - Monitoring and Control
9% - Closing
9% - Professional responsibility
Note: The test is in English, but you can request a second language. Therefore, if you request the exam in another language the questions will have two statements (English and the required language). If you have any doubt, the English text prevails. Because of that having mastery in English is a facilitator.
How to prepare for the PMP®?
Read the PMBOK® several times because it will be your primary (but not the only) reference for study, because in it you will find the process groups for each phase of management, tools, techniques and inputs / outputs of each process. The candidate must:
- Master the process flow defined in the PMBOK®;
- Know tools and techniques used in each situation in a project;
- Know the advantages and disadvantages related to other applicable techniques.
Do you want more information? The PMI provides several documents and tips for you on the Tips for examining PMP® Certification. Check it out.
And how much does the PMP® Certification exam cost?
- For PMI® members: US $ 405.00;
- For non-PMI® members: US $ 555.00.
How about people who want to keep PMP® Certification?
If you only search for the title, unfortunately, this certification is not for you. PMP® professionals should constantly work in Project Management, meeting the requirements of the PMI® Certification Continuous Requirements Program (PCR).
This program is based on the accumulation of Professional Development Units (PDUs). Each PDU is equivalent to one hour of apprenticeship or professional work in Project Management. Thus, 60 PDUs are required every three years for the maintenance of certification, as well as constant commitment to the PMI® professional code of conduct.